HS-PS3-1: Create a computational model to calculate the change
in the energy of one component in a system when the change in
energy of the other component(s) and every flow in and out of the
system are known.
HS-PS3-2: Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the
macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy
associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy
associated with the relative positions of particles (objects).
HS-PS3-3: Design, build, and refine a device that works within
given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form
HS-PS3-4: Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence
that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of
different temperature are combined within a closed system results
in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in
HS-PS3-5: Develop and use a model of two objects interacting
through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between
objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the
Forms of Energy
Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation
HS-PS4-1: Use mathematical representations to support a claim
regarding relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and
speed of waves traveling in various media.
HS-PS4-2: Evaluate questions about the advantages of using a
digital transmission and storage of information.
HS-PS4-3: Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind
the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by
a wave model or a particle model, and that for some situations one
model is more useful than the other.
HS-PS4-4: Evaluate the validity and reliability of claims in
published materials of the effects that different frequencies of
electromagnetic radiation have when absorbed by matter.
HS-PS4-5: Communicate technical information about how some
technological devices use the principles of wave behavior and wave
interactions with matter to transmit and capture information and
HS-ETS1-1: Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative
criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal need and wants.
HS-ETS1-2: Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into
smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.
HS-ETS1-3: Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized
criteria and tradeoffs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety,
reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
HS-ETS1-4: Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to
a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions
within and between systems relevant to the problem.
HS-PS1-4: Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorp-
tion of energy from a chemical reaction systems depends on the
changes in total bond energy.
HS-LS1-5: Use a model to illustrate how photosynthesis transforms
light energy into stored chemical energy.
HS-LS2-3: Construct and revise an explanation based on evidence
for the cycling of matter and flow of energy in aerobic and anaerobic
HS-LS2-4: Use mathematical representations to support claims for
the cycling of matter and flow of energy among organisms in an
HS-ESS1-1: Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life
span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to
release energy that eventually reaches Earth in the form of radiation.
HS-ESS1-2: Construct an explanation of the Big Bang theory based
on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies,
and composition of matter in the universe.
HS-ESS1-3: Communicate scientific ideas about the way stars over
their life cycle, produce elements.
HS-ESS1-4: Use mathematical or computational representations to
predict the motion of orbiting objects in the solar system.
HS-ESS2-3: Develop a model based on evidence of Earth’s interior to
describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
HS-ESS2-4: Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of
energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
Additional Standards with Connections to Physics