23

Physics and 21st Century Science Standards: The Role of Physics in the NGSS

HS-PS1-8

HS-PS2-1

HS-PS2-2

HS-PS2-3

HS-PS3-1

HS-PS3-2

HS-PS3-3

HS-PS3-4

MS-PS1-4

MS-PS2-1

MS-PS2-2

MS-PS3-5

KS-PS2-2

3-PS2-1

4-PS3-1

Structures and

Properties of Matter

Forces and Interactions

Energy

Waves

Kindergarten 3

rd

4

th

Middle School High School

Investigate

pushes and pulls.

Investigate effect

of balanced and

unbalanced

forces on motion.

Explain how

speed of an

object is related

to energy.

Describe relationship

between particle

motion, temperature,

and energy.

Apply Newton’s

3

rd

law to design a

solution involving

2-object motion

Plan investigation

to see how

motion depends

upon the sum of

the forces and the

object’s mass.

Construct argument

that kinetic energy

change is a

transformation or

transfer of energy.

Model energy changes in nuclear reactions.

Analyze data to support relationship

between net force, mass, and acceleration.

Support the conservation of momentum

principle.

Evaluate and refine a device that minimizes

the force on an object during a collision.

Model the transfers and transformations of

energy in a system.

Model energy as a result of motion and

position.

Design a device to convert energy from one

form into another.

Investigate energy distributions when two

components of different temperatures are

combined.