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2011 AAPT Summer Meeting
July 30-August 3, 2011
Omaha, Nebraska

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BC05:

How to Improve Transfer from Difficult Worked Examples by Designing a 'Good Looking' Animated Solution
  Location: HC 3023 & 3023A
  Date: Monday, Aug.1
  Time: 1:40 PM -1:50 PM
  Author: Zhongzhou Chen
The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
217-721-8411, zchen22@illinois.edu
  Co-Author(s): Gary Gladding
  Abstract: It is well known that transfer from worked examples to new problems can be very hard for students. The goal of this research is to promote transfer by improving the quality of the example solution. According to our experience, elaborate verbal explanation often seems to have little, if not negative, effects on transfer. Therefore, we focus on designing a better visual representation. Based on knowledge from grounded cognition research, we designed several animated multimedia solutions for some difficult physics problems, in which the underlying logic is illustrated through visual perception. When compared to two other very similar versions of animated solutions that lack the critical perceptual elements, the designed solutions significantly improved transfer of the underlying physics principles to harder problems. Moreover, transfer is improved even when the target problem involves largely abstract logical reasoning, and little visual-spatial reasoning.
  Footnotes: None
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